UPDATE: A version of this article is posted at Electronic Frontiers Australia titled “CitizenFour: Why it’s already the movie of the year”.
Citizenfour is in cinemas across Australia. But I was fortunate enough to catch the Melbourne preview screening organised by Electronic Frontiers Australia, Madman and civil liberties councils across Australia; and supported by Greens Senator Scott Ludlam.
If you don’t know about Citizenfour let me give you a quick blurb of this remarkable documentary:
“It is a real life thriller, unfolding before you as Edward Snowden hands over and explains classified documents providing evidence of mass, indiscriminate and illegal invasions of privacy by the National Security Agency (NSA).”
The documentary is excellent in its use of raw footage. The director uses the very real emotions captured in that raw footage to tell the story. As an observer you’re given front row seats to the events as they unfold from Snowden’s hotel room in Hong Kong.
Rather than inserting herself too much into the documentary, Laura Poitras becomes the ultimate story teller through her use of the raw footage and interesting ways of keeping the narrative moving. The use of music is powerful and seriously contributes to the sense of tension. Even though we already know what happens, it’s a documentary remember, you still feel the urge to call out “stay away from the windows and doors”.
You will remember reading all about the revelations at the time as stories were being reported in The Guardian and then across the world; and the sense of betrayal by our governments in spying on us without reason or a warrant. And Citizenfour is a powerful reminder of how governments around the world are still capturing our data and telecommunications without reason or a warrant. While Australia isn’t mentioned by name in Citizenfour, our governments have been cooperating in global surveillance on citizens who aren’t suspects or persons of interest.
With the Abbott Government attempting to rush through mandatory, society-wide data retention laws, this movie couldn’t have been released at a better time. You’ll be motivated to take action to make sure your federal Member of Parliament opposes the data retention laws; whether Labor or Liberal/National.
Go and watch the movie and you’ll see why Citizenfour is already movie of the year.
NOTE: I am a member and a board director of Electronic Frontiers Australia.
This was originally posted as Five things we learned about the Government’s data retention regime at Electronics Frontiers Australia.
Right now the Government is proposing to introduce a mandatory, society-wide regime for the retention of communications data (‘metadata’) for two years. In the latest public hearing into the Government’s proposed legislation a number of important matters were revealed by the Attorney-General and Australia’s law enforcement and intelligence agencies.
If you weren’t paying attention to the workings of Parliament in the lead up to the festive season then you may have missed a crucial public hearing by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS), held on 17th December. This hearing delved into the Government’s proposed mandatory, society-wide data retention regime. It was a crucial hearing because from it we learned five things.
- There remains no final definition for the data set and what exactly will or won’t be retained. In fact the hearing revealed continuing confusion about what the Government and the law enforcement and intelligence communities consider to be relevant data.
- The Government doesn’t know how much it will cost to implement the Government’s mandatory, society-wide data retention regime, and they won’t be able to make meaningful estimates until they’ve finished defining the data set. What we do have are estimates about the costs to telcos and ISPs for implementing the regime, which the industry has already admitted will be passed on to consumers. So, you’ll end up paying more through higher connectivity charges, through your taxes, or probably both.
- The Government and the Australian Federal Police cannot say how many times existing surveillance laws and the subsequent data collected have contributed to intercepting criminal activity or successfully prosecuting suspects.
- There were no new details provided about the circumstances under which access to data is granted or what it will be used for. This is particularly interesting given the recent passage of laws enabling the AFP and ASIO to delete, add or change data on computers of people who are not ‘persons of interest’.
- It was confirmed that the mandatory, society-wide data retention regime could be utilised to pursue civil legal actions, particularly copyright infringement actions, and admitted that the regime represented a security risk as personal user data would be centrally stored for two years; offering a tempting target for crackers to steal data.
For some, the public hearing confirmed our worst fears about the mandatory, society-wide data retention regime. As coincidence would have it the PJCIS public hearing happened only days after the terrible café siege in Sydney played out with three people losing their lives.
And sadly the siege in Martin Place was used to justify the need for the additional powers that will see Australians treated as suspects, not citizens. The PJCIS heard how the siege could’ve been prevented if Australia’s law enforcement and intelligence agencies had such powers. As it turns out the suspect at the centre of it all was already on numerous watch lists, was well known to NSW and Federal police and has previously been under surveillance.
The same unfortunate situation occurred with the bombers of the Boston Marathon in April 2013 and this week’s attacks in France. In each case the perpetrators were well-known to police and intelligence agencies, who had for whatever reason neglected to watch these individuals closely or had stopped watching them. Having more data about their communications would have made no difference whatsoever as they were not being actively watched. Australian police and intelligence agencies already have extremely broad powers to request information about the communications (and the content) of specified individuals (persons of interest) be retained to support their investigations.
What they want now is for that information to be retained for two years for ALL Australians, even if you’re not being investigated or considered a person of interest. The regime represents a massive invasion of the privacy of all Australians, while subverting a fundamental principle of our legal system – the presumption of innocence – by treating all of us as suspects.
And we the public will get the privilege of paying for it all as telcos and ISPs will pass on the costs of implementing the regime to customers. While the telcos and ISPs have been measuring the possible cost of this poor policy, the Government has yet to work out how much it will cost taxpayers to implement it.
In addition, it was confirmed during the PJCIS public hearing that the laws pave the way for the pursuit of civil legal actions, especially related to copyright infringement, but also potentially unfair dismissal and in many other contexts. This means a new threat to the public who aren’t persons of interest as ordinary Australians get caught up in civil actions because they downloaded some movies from the net.
It’s up to people like us who want to be treated like Citizens, Not Suspects to stand up and demand our Government drop its plans to massively invade the privacy of all Australians. It’s not too late to turn it around.
Electronic Frontiers Australia (EFA) has been actively working to ensure together we can stop this assault on our rights; and the fundamental principle that underpins our legal system. But as we come into 2015 our time to turn it around is running out. EFA needs your help and support right now.
Write a submission
We’ve prepared a detailed guide to help you prepare a submission to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security, but time is short – the deadline for submissions is 5pm AEDT on Monday 19th January.
Sign our Petition
Join the thousands of concerned Australians who have already signed on to call on the Government to drop its proposed mandatory, society-wide data retention regime: Sign Now.
Contact your MP and Senators
See our helpful guide.
This week marks EFA’s 21st birthday. We’ve been fighting against (and often winning) government overreach throughout that time. We survive on membership subscriptions and donations, so if you support our work, please:
There is by any measure a great deal of inequality in our world. And there are many hundreds of thousands of people globally working to reduce inequality.
For me the issue of pay inequality is something I’m very familiar with and something I work on everyday in my day job as a union official. Many countries have laws that require men and women are paid the same wage. These laws even exist in Australia but unfortunately these laws haven’t resulted in wage equality.
Some of the reasons for pay inequity and our worsening pay gap include:
- “women’s work” is undervalued
- in professions where women predominate, wages are generally lower than industry standards
- women more often work part time and in temporary jobs that have reduced hourly pay rates
- women interrupt their careers more frequently, e.g. after pregnancy
- women earn less than men because more men work in better-paid sectors and better-paid jobs
- women often face a ‘glass ceiling’; they do not move on to senior positions even when they have the same qualifications as men
- gender role stereotypes still predominate and our workforces are often segregated into women’s work and men’s work
The pay gap between men and women’s wages is now a staggering 18.2%, nearly 1% worse than 2013, and the worst it has been in 20 years. Men on average will earn $14,500 more than a woman, who will have to work 66 days more to earn it while each year women in Australia have to work an additional 30 days to make the same wage as men.
The Australia Institute’s report What’s choice got to do with it! shows that a woman working full-time in commerce, with no children and limited caring responsibilities, ends up with approximately 9% less in superannuation savings than the average male at retirement. It’s telling that even upon graduating women are starting out on wages that are on average 9.4% less than men, according to data from Graduate Careers Australia. The pay gap exists as soon as women step foot into the workforce, and merely gets larger as they continue in the workforce.
This inequality greatly diminishes the ability of many families to get by and wage inequality will continue to grow as more and more insecure forms of work become the norm rather than the exception. It’s not a problem that can be solely attributed to women taking career breaks, working flexibly for a period and/or not reaching leadership positions. It’s an issue that we all have to take responsibility for and to work to reduce the gap, especially given that Australia’s wage gap has grown in the last year.
Ultimately equal pay must be on the Government’s agenda and considered in all areas of policy development – not just those concerned with the workplace. And it must also be considered at the upcoming G20 meeting in Brisbane if the world is to truely address growing economic inequality.